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Importance of Vaccination

Importance of Vaccinations

In India, vaccination is a crucial aspect of public health. It helps to prevent life-threatening diseases and promote overall well-being. Vaccination is necessary for individuals of all ages, from children to adults, to protect them from infectious diseases. Children aged 12-36 months in India should receive age-appropriate vaccinations to ensure their immunity against various diseases. Several factors such as gender, age, birth order, household size, and socio-cultural aspects can influence vaccination coverage among children in India. Therefore, both boys and girls must receive timely and complete immunization to reduce the risk of preventable diseases.

The Universal Immunization Program in India provides select vaccines free of charge for children to ensure comprehensive immunization coverage. Vaccines such as the hepatitis B vaccine (HepB3) and measles-containing vaccine (MCV1) are essential for children’s health and are part of the routine immunization schedule. Ensuring that children receive these vaccines at the recommended ages is crucial for building immunity and preventing the spread of vaccine-preventable diseases. Addressing gender gaps in vaccination coverage is necessary to ensure equitable access to immunization services for both boys and girls in India. By focusing on timely and complete vaccination for all age groups and genders, India can significantly improve public health outcomes and reduce the burden of vaccine-preventable diseases.

What are the most common vaccines recommended for children in India?

The most common vaccines recommended for children in India include:

  • Diphtheria
  • Hepatitis A
  • Tetanus
  • Typhoid
  • Hepatitis B
  • Rabies
  • Cholera
  • Japanese Encephalitis
  • BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin) for tuberculosis
  • Polio (oral polio vaccine)
  • Pentavalent vaccine (Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Hib infection, and Hepatitis B)
  • Measles-Rubella vaccine

These vaccines are crucial for protecting children from various diseases and are part of India’s national immunization schedule to ensure comprehensive immunization coverage

Common side effects of vaccines commonly given to children in India include:

  • Soreness or swelling at the injection site
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Fussiness
  • Feeling tired
  • Muscle aches
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Redness at the injection site
  • General discomfort
  • Rarely, more serious reactions like seizures, high fever, or swelling of the entire arm or leg

 

How long do the side effects of vaccines last in children?

The side effects of vaccines in children typically last for a short duration. Most side effects are minor and temporary, resolving within a few days. Common side effects like soreness at the injection site, fever, tiredness, headache, and fussiness usually go away on their own within 1-2 days. In some cases, symptoms like swollen lymph nodes may last up to about 10 days, but they are not usually severe and resolve without specific treatment. It’s important to note that serious side effects from vaccines are rare, and the benefits of vaccination in preventing diseases far outweigh the risks of these minor and short-lived side effects.

 

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